Research Papers Library

Media Literacy and The Challenge Of Fake News

The term “hybrid warfare,” incorporating such elements as propaganda, fake news, and manipulation, is a global phenomenon. Yet, its prevalence has increased significantly on the European continent in the past few years as an “EastWest” confrontation has made a comeback. The main thrust of the propaganda has targeted, among other, the sovereign choice of the Eastern Partnership countries to engage in closer political and economic cooperation with the European Union (EU) and to conclude trade and association agreements.

Download PDF


World's leading professional association of Internet Research Specialists - We deliver Knowledge, Education, Training, and Certification in the field of Professional Online Research. The AOFIRS is considered a major contributor in improving Web Search Skills and recognizes Online Research work as a full-time occupation for those that use the Internet as their primary source of information.

Get Exclusive Research Tips in Your Inbox

Receive Great tips via email, enter your email to Subscribe.