In January, researchers at Sigmund Freud University in Austria published a study asking therapists, psychologists, and psychiatrists if they looked up information about their patients online.

The results were mixed. Nearly 40 percent said they had done some kind of search, but of the remainder that didn’t, many questioned whether it was ever appropriate to look up a client. Some doubted the basic reliability of the source—“lot of trash on the internet,” reads one response—but most saw it as a serious violation of trust that could potentially damage the therapeutic relationship.

"I suspect this comes up a lot for people in practice,” said Dr Mayura Deshpande, chair of the Professional Practice and Ethics Committee at the UK’s Royal College of Psychiatrists, in a phone call. She noted that while there aren’t any regulations stopping a psychiatrist from looking up their patients, she personally thinks it’s an invasion of privacy.

"Our job is not to build up a sort of dossier on the person, but actually work with the information that a person gives you"

What makes the issue so difficult, according to the limited studies and commentary available, has to do with the nature of mental health services: a professional relationship that relies extensively on personal information and trust.

“We do hear very personal details, about people's relationships, childhood, families, that you just wouldn’t need to know if they’d broken their leg,” said Dr Alice Ashby, a consultant psychiatrist and the lead author of a recent commentary for the British Journal of Psychiatry Bulletin on the ethics of searching or monitoring patients online.

“I don’t like the idea, ethically, of searching for information without consent; it feels like a boundary violation,” she added. “Having said that, we shouldn't let that shut down the conversation about it.”

Mental health professionals are coming to the conversation pretty late. Debates about whether your employer or teacher should be able to search your information or monitor your social media presence have been going on for more than a decade. The only other study looking at psychiatrists and therapists was a group at Harvard who did an informal survey of “several dozen” of their colleagues and found that “most psychiatrists” had searched for information—they recommended further discussion and study. That was back in 2010, a lifetime in internet terms, and a period during which, presumably, your therapist could have been reading your Twitter.

But should they? Some argue that the internet is just another resource to gather personal history from. But others think that anything that doesn’t come directly from the therapist-patient relationship isn’t useful anyway, and respecting a patient’s boundaries is the most important thing—“patients need to be in control of what they say,” according to one of the respondents in the Austrian study. Everyone, though, seems to agree that trust is both vital and delicate, and that the idea that a person is being inspected or surveilled, even with their knowledge, could seriously harm that.

"With mental health, expectations are in some ways even more important"

Ashby and her co-authors, for instance, think that information found on the internet could be helpful as a form of “collateral history.” They imagine that a potentially delusional patient’s claims could be checked against an internet record, or that “dangerous lifestyle choices” such as drugs or excessive drinking could be monitored through social media. But while that information could be useful to their work, possibly even informing diagnoses, they caution that the patient must be informed.

“We felt strongly that if you were searching people at all it should be where they have capacity to consent and it would be with their consent,” said Ashby.

The authors also worry, however, that even with consent that sort of monitoring could be seen as paternalistic, especially to people who may be used to “the validity of what they are saying being doubted.” There’s an issue of power, too. Even if a patient consents to being searched or monitored, they may feel coerced. And afterward, uncomfortably aware that whatever they post online may be seen by their psychiatrist.

Dr Deshpande, who admits she’s a bit old school, would argue that the easiest way to avoid all these issues is not to consult the internet in the first place. “Our job is not to build up a sort of dossier on the person, but actually work with the information that a person gives you,” she said. She’s especially wary of using internet or social media searches to confirm someone's claims or fact check.

“Someone who comes to see a psychiatrist brings a certain amount of information or reveals a certain amount of information; there is something important about taking that and working with it,” she said. “Personal information that isn’t intended for the clinician is very hard to justify.”

That idea of intent is important, too. One of the respondents in the Austrian study claimed that “anyone who provides their personal data on the internet implicitly gives permission for this to be seen by others.”

"I think it’s important to ask people about their social interactions on the internet as much as we would ask about their relationships in real life"

But that’s not necessarily how it works. Samaritans, a UK-based mental health charity, debuted an app called Radar in 2014. Radar monitored users’ Twitter feeds and alerted them when anyone they followed used key terms suggesting they might be suicidal. The idea was to use both the scale and intimacy of social media to connect with vulnerable people; in practice everyone thought it was creepy. Tweets may be in the public domain, but nobody wanted a public suicide watch. The app was suspended a week after it launched.

“People do have an expectation of privacy in spaces we think of as public,” said Paul Bernal, an internet privacy researcher and lecturer in law at the University of East Anglia. He pointed out that while expectations are different than legal rights, they’re still important.

“With mental health, expectations are in some ways even more important—you want to be able to trust that the people dealing with you have at least some understanding of what your ethical expectations and privacy concerns may be,” he said.

In other words, if mental health professionals aren’t clear about those expectations, they risk violating boundaries they may not even be aware of. The studies that exist all call for more research into how often psychiatrists and therapists monitor their patients, and why, but it might be even more useful for them to find out what patients think about about internet privacy, and how they feel about having their online presence monitored. Ashby said she got approval to do a study like that two years ago, but her job changed before she could begin.

She also thinks that being more aware of how patients use the internet and social media would be good for her profession in general. “It’s a bigger question than ‘Do we search for people on the internet?’” she said. “I think it’s important to ask people about their social interactions on the internet as much as we would ask about their relationships in real life. I don’t think we necessarily teach that.”

She’s right that there isn’t much guidance available for mental health professionals on internet use, ethical or otherwise. There are currently no specific rules covering internet or social media searches for patients from any of the major medical bodies for psychiatrists in the US or UK. Guidance for therapists, who are generally less closely regulated, vary by professional body—the American Psychological Association, for example, doesn’t have specific ethical guidance for the internet yet, but has addressed the issue in its publications and recommends talking to a client before before looking at anything they may have posted online.

That may soon change. The authors of the British Journal of Psychiatry paper claim there is an “urgent need for this topic to be addressed,” and Dr Deshpande said that she has noticed people talking about it—and she’s going to bring it up at the next ethics committee meeting.

I asked Christiane Eichenberg, the lead author of the Austrian study, why it had taken so long to address the issue of internet privacy. “It's a phenomenon that´s common for any study that focuses on your own profession—there’s a resistance to shine a light on negative aspects,” she said.

But, like any problem brought into therapy, it’s not going to get fixed if it’s not talked about.


Source:  http://motherboard.vice.com/read/-should-your-therapist-read-your-twitter

Categorized in Others

Social media is becoming an increasingly viable hiring tool for major companies. LinkedIn may be the most obvious digital platform for job seekers, but Twitter is beginning to make a name for itself as a recruitment resource as well.

Earlier this year, Twitter and NPR hosted a live chat about using Twitter in a job search. They advised creating a Twitter bio and profile image that convey your personality and career goals, using hashtags appropriate to your desired profession, and networking with influencers and potential colleagues in your field.

Once you've perfected your Twesume and consulted the Mashable Job Board, take your search to the next level with these 20 Twitter resources.



There are hundreds of websites for job seekers, such as Monster and CareerBuilder, but these three are designed specifically for Twitter recruitment:

TwitJobSearch: This site allows you to search for jobs posted on Twitter using keywords (for example, "Marketing in New York"). Click on a link to find a job's specific recruiting page. Take a look at the Twitter users who are most frequently posting these listings; they might be worth following.

TweetMyJobs: TweetMyJobs will send you personalized job listings via email, Twitter or your mobile device. Geico, VISAUPS and AT&T are among the major companies that use the site as a recruitment tool.

Twellow: Twellow organizes Twitter users by category, making it easier to find the right recruiters and influencers to follow in your job search. Twellow's Twitter account also shares social media stories via WebProNews.com.

Job Postings

LinkedIn Tattoo

For a comprehensive list of Twitter accounts for job listings, check out JobMob's compilation of 400+ such accounts. Be advised that not all of the feeds listed are still active.

Here are a few frequently updated and well-regarded Twitter accounts to get you started:

@JobHuntOrg: Susan P. Joyce tweets on behalf of Job-Hunt.org, posting U.S. job listings, career advice and helpful articles for job seekers.

@SocialMediaJob: Dave Weinberg (@weinberg81), founder and CEO of Pinbooster, aggregates job listings in the social media sector.

@LinkedIn_Jobs: As the premier social media resource for professionals, connecting to LinkedIn is a must for modern job seekers. Subscribe to the platform's Twitter account to see career listings directly in your feed.

@CraigslistJobs: Incorporate Craigslist into your Twitter feed to receive job postings from across the United States.

@Ed2010News: This Twitter companion to Ed2010.com posts job openings in the magazine industry, as well as updates on the media world.

Career Advice

Job Hunting

Follow these accounts for general career advice, from building the ideal resume to nabbing endorsements on LinkedIn:

@UndercoverRec: This Twitter feed from the social media marketing firm LinkHumans shares articles about cover letters, resume building and interviewing tips from the Undercover Recruiter blog.

@HeatherHuhman: Heather R. Huhman, founder of the content and digital marketing PR firm Come Recommended, doles out job advice tailored to Gen Y job seekers.

@YouTernMark: Mark Babbitt, Huffington Post blogger and founder of YouTern.com, tweets recruiter advice with a focus on millennials and social media.

@BrazenCareerist: Tweets from the Brazen Careerist website include links to webinars, virtual career fairs and recruitment events.

@StevenRothberg: Steven Rothberg is the president of CollegeRecruiter.com. His Twitter feed shares a helpful selection of articles about entry-level jobs and internships for graduating college students.

//twitter.com/@CAREEREALISM" target="_blank" style="color: rgb(0, 174, 239); text-decoration: none;">@Careerealism: From the website of the same name, Careerealism shares no-nonsense blog posts about recruitment and networking.

@DailyMuse: This feed contains helpful career advice from The Muse, a job site where you can apply to work for companies such as FacebookPinterestSpotify and more.


Person Tweeting

These Twitter users may not always post listings or career advice, but they are considered major players in the employment sphere. Follow them to benefit from their expertise; many of them are also very accessible and respond to users' questions.

To find influential users specific to your field, a simple Google search for "top Twitter users in [your career]" will yield helpful results.

@DanSchawbel: Dan Schawbel is the author of The New York Times and Wall Street Journalbest-selling book Promote Yourself: The New Rules For Career Success, and he was named one of Forbes and Inc magazines' "30 Under 30." He tweets about personal branding and employment with a focus on millennials.

@Blogging4Jobs: Jessica Merrell is the blogger behind Blogging4Jobs, and is a columnist for The Huffington Post. Her Twitter account is a combination of personal and professional insights, and she engages in live chats and webinars about HR careers.

@LindseyPollak: Lindsey Pollak is a keynote speaker and ambassador for LinkedIn who blogs about millennials in the workplace.

@Keppie_Careers: Miriam Salpeter is a social media strategist and consultant at Keppie Careers, and is the author of Social Networking for Business Success. She tweets helpful advice for job-seekers of all ages, with an emphasis on social media.

@TFerriss: Tim Ferriss is the author of The Four Hour Workweek, a New York Times, Wall Street Journal and BusinessWeek bestseller. His Twitter feed and blog are great resources for learning about workplace productivity and creativity.

BONUS: Companies

Jobs at Google

If you have a dream job in mind, use Twitter's search function to see whether your preferred company has an account for its job postings.

Here are a few major companies with their own job accounts:

Source : http://mashable.com/


Categorized in Social

Your next big tweet may be just a tweet away.

For the job seeker and the employer, Twitter has turned into the next frontier for connecting both.

The social media site is changing the way people find jobs.

Finding a job can be a full-time job in itself: circling ads, hitting job fairs, printing, and editing and updating resumes and cover letters.

"Social media can be leveraged by job seekers and certainly by employers in finding those seekers to fill those positions," the founder of Conversation Research Institute Jason Falls said.

Falls said social media is this era's next frontier for job seekers and employers.

"As an individual, think about this: You can get on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, other networks, and if the person who is hiring for that position has an account and is on there, you can start to interact with them and have conversations with them as if you're just a fellow citizen of level," Falls said.

WLKY's Eric King typed "Louisville jobs" into the Twitter search engine, and scores of companies currently hiring came up.

"Actually social media is a very big tool for Brown Forman, and we leverage it in as many ways as we can," Brown Forman's director of global talent acquisition, Arelis Correa said.

Brown Foreman has a Twitter page devoted to nothing but job recruitment and it's always monitored.

As a result, the company has been able to add some top talent to its workforce.

"It's been very successful. I just had a meeting with our Twitter rep, and she mentioned that we are outperforming our competitors," Correa said.

But using social media to land big opportunities comes with big commitment.

Most notable: make sure your social media footprint is respectable.

"The fascinating thing about social media is you can very easily go out and see not just how smart the person is, but do they have a following online that they can bring to the table for your company?" Falls said.

"As a whole, integrity is very important to us so anything one may do that goes against integrity self-respect of themselves or others, it is something that we're going to pay attention to. We just can't ignore it out to -- we may not seek the information, but if for some reason we find it or it comes from a channel, it is something we are going to unfortunately have to look at and consider," Correa said.

The experts said even if you're not using social media outlets to find jobs, employers may be looking at them when choosing the right candidate.

They suggest being responsible with what is posted because it could cost a big opportunity.

Author:  Joseph Pisani

Source:  http://www.wlky.com/

Categorized in Social

Can you feel the tension among your family and friends and the country at large? With the touchline in sight and fingernails chewed raw, there could be more twists and turns before the end of polling day. So if you want to keep up to date with the very latest US election news, here’s how Google, Twitter, Facebook can help you do that.

US Election News

How to track US election news

Whoever wins, whether that be Donald Trump or Hillary Clinton, modern technology will make sure you never miss a word. So if you’re an avid social media user and have an iPhone or another kind of smartphone, you can keep updated. Here’s what each information provider is doing to keep you with them.

facebook us election news

Facebook being patriotic

According to Facebook during this divisive campaign, it has encouraged more than 2 million people to vote. This was accomplished via the social network’s Get Ready for Election Day page, which Mark Zuckerberg is apparently very proud of. In fact, not only does the page help people register to vote and keep them updated with US election news, it also provides a vote planner made specifically for each user, meaning that person can print it off and take it to the polling station when they vote.

twitter us election news

Twitter #Election2016

Twitter’s open nature allows you to see tweets from all over the USA, which is great, and the same goes for keeping up to date with US election news. If you don’t already know, the official #hashtags are #Ele4ctionDay and #Election2016; both have their own polling emoji.

However, Twitter has done its own thing this time around and encouraged people to vote. A lot of the work done by Twitter can be seen at the account @gov. While this on its own does not keep you directly updated with what’s going on in the US elections, you can send a tweet to the account asking about US election news.

google us election news

Google results

Google has taken the unprecedented step of embedding US election news into its search results. This means that whether you want the information or not, it will be there, in more than 30 languages. According to Google, it has seen a rise of more than 233% in use of the phrase “how to vote” typed into the search engine. This is what prompted it to take a more direct informative approach. The numbers seen for the 2016 election have been far higher than it recorded in the 2012 victory by Barack Obama.

Additional help given for those looking for US election news can be found at Google’s voter registration page and the Google Trends Election Hub.

And there you have three ways you can keep up with US election news now and on the day of. We advise you to go and take a look at each service and decide which one best suits your needs. As with everything in life, each has their pros and cons, but ultimately they are there to be helpful and non-partisan.

Source: valuewalk.com

Categorized in News & Politics

Music lovers were also unable to access Spotify due to the cyberattack Friday. (Getty)

Twitter, the popular social media platform with more than 300 million users every month, was suddenly unreachable on Friday — along with dozens of other popular sites ncluding the music streaming site Spotify — for at least part of the internet. The massive outage was the result of a cyberattack now under investigation by federal authorities.

The attacks reportedly utilized a software program called Mirai, that was released onto the “dark web” — the areas on the internet hidden from major search engines — earlier this month,according to a report in USA Today. Mirai is a simple program that requires no specialized hacking experts, the report said.

At least three separate attacks were reported starting at around 7 a.m. Eastern Time, continuing past the 4 p.m. hour.

What happened? Here’s what you need to know.

1. The Outage Resulted From Massive Cyberattacks Involving Millions of Computers

The outage that sent Twitter and at least 60 sites offline was the work of hackers — though who they were and where they were from remains unknown. The hackers unleashed at least three massive Distributed Denial of Service, or DDoS, attacks not against Twitter and the other sites specifically, but against Dyn, Inc., the company that proves Domain Name Server services to those sites. The company is based in Manchester, New Hampshire.

A Domain Name Server is something like a phonebook for the internet. It’s a computer that translates human-readable domain names such as “Twitter.com” or “Spotify.com” into numerical addresses, known as IP addresses. Without access to those IP addresses, your internet-connected computer cannot figure out where to send your requests. So without a DNS lookup, when you click on link containing, for example, twitter.com — you get nothing.

Dyn, Inc. called the attacks, “well planned and executed, coming from tens of millions IP addresses at same time.”

“It’s a very smart attack. We start to mitigate, they react. It keeps on happening every time,” Dyn, Inc. Chief Strategy OfficerKyle York told reporters Friday afternoon.

2. Homeland Security is Investigating the Cyberattack

Early Friday afternoon, NBC News reported that the United States Department of Homeland Security was investigating the widespread cyberattack.

The White House was aware of the situation, and according to presidential Spokesperson Josh Earnest, Homeland Security was “monitoring” the attacks, but there was currently no information as to who may have been behind them.

According to a Reuters report, the FBI is also investigating the source of the expansive cyberattack.

As of Friday morning, the culprits behind the massive DDoS attack were a mystery. Malicious hacking has become a major concern over the past few years, with hacker attacks hitting theHollywood movie studio Sony Pictures, and more recently, the Democratic National Committee and the Hillary Clinton presidential campaign.

Those attacks, mainly designed to steal information, have been blamed by U.S. intelligence agencies on “state actors,” such as North Korea and Russia. Friday’s attack appears primarilydesigned to disrupt service.

The Friday cyberattack came just two days after police in the Czech Republic, working with the F.B.I., announced the arrest of a Russian hacker allegedly involved with a huge data breach targeting the business networking site LinkedIn in 2012. Read about that arrest in the story at this link.

3. Many of the Internet’s Top Sites Went Down

In addition to Twitter and Spotify, there were also reports that the self-described “front page of the internet” Reddit was also out for several hours. The attack, which was confined mainly to the United States east coast, was first reported at 7:10 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time.

Other sites hit included Easy, Github, SoundCloud, Heroku, PagerDuty and Shopify.

Amazon.con reported outages, as did CNN.com, People.com and The New York Times wen site.

There were also reports that Netflix and PayPal went down for a period of time Friday morning, as well as iHeart Radio, Air BnB, HBO Now, Yelp and others.

4. Service Was Restored — Until a Second Attack, Then a Third

“Starting at 11:10 UTC on October 21st-Friday 2016 we began monitoring and mitigating a DDoS attack against our Dyn Managed DNS infrastructure. Some customers may experience increased DNS query latency and delayed zone propagation during this time,” Dyn DNS reported this morning.

But the DNS provider later reported on its web site that the issues stemming from the cyberattack were cleared up by 9:40 a.m. Eastern.

But at 11:52 a.m., Dyn reported that a second wave of DDoS attacks was underway, taking out access to many major sites yet again.

Just after 2 p.m. Dyn announced that it had solved the problem — again — and was trying to figure out what happened.



But a third attack hit soon after — affecting the company which provides DNS services to six percent of American Fortune 500 companies.

Just last month, cybersecurity expert Bruce Schneier published a report entitled, “Someone Is Learning How to Take Down the Internet.” In the report, Schneider warned that hackers — who may or may not be state-sponsored — have been attempting and succeeding in carrying out DDoS attacks on increasingly larger scales.

“Over the past year or two, someone has been probing the defenses of the companies that run critical pieces of the Internet. These probes take the form of precisely calibrated attacks designed to determine exactly how well these companies can defend themselves, and what would be required to take them down,” Schneider wrote. “We don’t know who is doing this, but it feels like a large a large nation state. China and Russia would be my first guesses.”

5. You Can Buy a DNS Attack, and it’s Pretty Cheap


Even if the hackers are found, the true forces behind Friday’s cyberattack could still remain unknown. According to a report by Trend Micro Research, Russian hackers will pull of a DDoS attack for as little as $150. Cybersecurity experts report about 2,000 DDoS attacks on the internet every day.

To carry out a DDoS attack, hackers use what they call a “BotNet,” which is a network of computers that has been infected with a malware, programming them to send out requests to specific sites on the internet without the owner of the infected computer having any idea. BotNets are bought and sold on the black market, and when the hacker-in-charge gives the signal, every computer on the BotNet fires off hundreds or thousands of requests to a specific address.

The idea is to overwhelm a server, rendering in incapable of functioning. The result for a user who wants to access a particular site — say, Twitter, for example — is that the site appears offline, or “down.” the video, above, provides a basic explanation of how DDoS attacks work.

Source : heavy.com

Categorized in Internet Privacy

Twitter is quickly becoming tech’s billion-dollar hot potato with Salesforce being the last to decline buying the 140-character social media platform. This could open the door for a potential bid from Japan’s Softbank, which has previously stated interest, has money to spend and incentives to acquire it.

Here are some of the reasons why Twitter could be turning Japanese.



Twitter and the hot potato game

About a month ago, Twitter started approaching several big tech companies about a possible sale or merger. To quickly run through the ensuing will-they-won’t-they, companies like Disney, Google and Microsoft all took a good look at Twitter, then all came back with a ‘no thanks, not interested.’ Salesforce has now joined the list of naysayers. Since then, Twitter’s stock has been moving in a direction that mimics a brick’s relationship with gravity. 

Japan loves Twitter

Part of the problem for Twitter is that its active user growth has stalled. At the same time, it is struggling to make money, not to mention compete with the social media that aren’t Facebook, who doesn’t/shouldn’t count. As seen in Vincenzo Consenza’s great maps of the world of social networks, Facebook pretty much rules any part of the world that isn’t Russia or China. Worryingly for Twitter, they also show how Instagram is steadily pushing Twitter out of the No. 2 spot in many countries.

However, the world maps also show something very peculiar about Japan. Here, Twitter is bigger than Facebook. 35 million Japanese actively use Twitter at least once a month, compared to 25 million active users for Facebook. The fact that Twitter is so popular in Softbank’s home market is one reason why Softbank could buy it. The underlying reason is data. 

140 digits of Kanji – and the U.S.

Twitter’s 140 character-limit has been both its strength and weakness in places like North America and Europe. In Japan, the picture is a bit different. Japan uses three alphabets. One of them is Kanji, where a single character can represent a whole word. That means that a single Japanese tweet can hold about as much data (or information, if you’re feeling generous) as the beginning of this article, until the ‘Japan loves Twitter’ sub-header. This information can be used to analyze user behavior, shopping preferences and other kinds of business intelligence. Twitter has already been eyeing Japan as a promising market for its business intelligence solutions, and Softbank would be able to use the data and analysis in relation to its other business areas.

While the home market remains massively important to Softbank, the company has also been making inroads—and acquisitions—in many other markets across the globe. Twitter’s mountains of data from people all around the world could provide valuable insights, and one area that would be of particular interest to Softbank is the U.S.

Money to burn

Then there is the fact that Softbank seems to have a mountain of cash to play with. The company recently announced that it was going to launch a $100 billion tech fund together with the Saudi Arabian government. Incidentally, Saudi Prince Al-Waleed bin Talal bin Abdulaziz is the second-largest single shareholder in Twitter. Softbank spent the summer buying UK chip manufacturer ARM for $31 billion and just last week led the U.S. biotech company Zymergen’s $130 million Series B round. Pretty good shopping for a couple of months.

The acquisitions show how Softbank is not afraid to use M&A to move into new business areas. One area that it hasn’t really invested in so far is social media, but as Seeking Alpha has pointed out, Softbank CEO Masayoshi Son has previously stated that it would be getting into social media one way or the other. Now the former COO of Softbank, Nikesh Arora, said as recently as last year that the company would be interested in acquiring Twitter “at the right price.”

While these months saw Twitter’s stock rise on the back of the sale rumours, peaking at a market cap of around $17 billion, it has since fallen sharply. Today, Twitter’s market cap is just south of 12 billion. The question then remains if that is the right price for Softbank to get into social media – and if Twitter is the right way to do so.

Correction: This article previously quoted Twitter’s value rising to $25 billion on the back of the trade rumours.

Source : forbes

Categorized in Market Research

According to a new study published today from the American Civil Liberties Union, major social networks including Twitter, Facebook and Instagram have recently provided user data access to Geofeedia, the location-based, social media surveillance system used by government offices, private security firms, marketers and others.

As TechCrunch previously reported, Geofeedia is one of a bevy of technologies used, secretly, by police to monitor activists and the contents of their discussions online.

The ACLU said in a blog post that both Twitter and Facebook (which owns Instagram) made some immediate changes in response to their study’s findings.

“Instagram cut off Geofeedia’s access to public user posts, and Facebook cut its access to a topic-based feed of public user posts,” the ACLU said.

The ACLU also noted in their post:

“Neither Facebook nor Instagram has a public policy specifically prohibiting developers from exploiting user data for surveillance purposes. Twitter does have a ‘longstanding rule’ prohibiting the sale of user data for surveillance as well as a Developer Policy that bans the use of Twitter data ‘to investigate, track or surveil Twitter users.’”

On Tuesday, following the publication of the ACLU findings, Twitter announced that it would “immediately suspend Geofeedia’s commercial access to Twitter data"

A Facebook spokesperson tells TechCrunch:



“[Geofeedia] only had access to data that people chose to make public. Its access was subject to the limitations in our Platform Policy, which outlines what we expect from developers that receive data using the Facebook Platform. If a developer uses our APIs in a way that has not been authorized, we will take swift action to stop them and we will end our relationship altogether if necessary.”

It’s worth noting that Facebook’s platform policy generically limits developers.

For example, it says developers are not permitted to “sell, license, or purchase any data obtained” from Facebook or its services. And they can’t transfer data they get from Facebook, including “anonymous, aggregate, or derived data,” to any data brokers. Finally, developers are not permitted to put Facebook data into any search engines or directories without the social network’s explicit permission.

We have reached out to Geofeedia for comment but executives were not immediately available for an interview.

A public relations consultant for Geofeedia sent a lengthy statement, attributed to Geofeedia CEO Phil Harris, defending the company’s practices in general. An excerpt follows:

“Geofeedia is committed to the principles of personal privacy, transparency and both the letter and the spirit of the law when it comes to individual rights. Our platform provides some clients, including law enforcement officials across the country, with a critical tool in helping to ensure public safety…

Geofeedia has in place clear policies and guidelines to prevent the inappropriate use of our software; these include protections related to free speech and ensuring that end-users do not seek to inappropriately identify individuals based on race, ethnicity, religious, sexual orientation or political beliefs, among other factors.

That said, we understand, given the ever-changing nature of digital technology, that we must continue to work to build on these critical protections of civil rights.”

Update: A company statement from Geofeedia was added to this post after it was originally published. 

Source : https://techcrunch.com

Categorized in Search Engine

When a journalist gets their first job, or switches role to a new area or specialism, they need to quickly work out where to find useful leads. This often involves the use of feeds, email alerts, and social networks. In this post I’m going to explain a range of search techniques for finding useful sources across a range of platforms.

Search techniques for finding news and blog sources

Let’s get the obvious things out of the way first, starting with Google.

Aside from the main search engine, remember that there’s a specific News search option. Within that, you can also specify you want to search within blogs.


But what about all those local websites and blogs that aren’t listed on Google News? Try using a normal Google search with site:blogspot.com or site:wix.com and your particular keywords to limit results to those hosted on Blogger or Wix.

If you are looking for a place which also exists elsewhere (such as Cambridge, Massachusetts or Birmigham, Alabama), use Search tools to specify you only want results from your country. This isn’t perfect: it will still include wrong results and exclude right ones, but it’s worth trying.

Search tools: specify country

You can also exclude irrelevant results by using the minus operator immediately before keywords in results you want to exclude, e.g. Birmingham -Alabama or Cambridge -Massachusetts

Finding email newsletters in your field

You can search for email newsletters by using your keyword with intitle:subscribe andintitle:email or intitle:newsletter.

Search box: birmingham intitle:subscribe intitle:email

Use an RSS reader instead of email alerts

RSS readers are much easier to read than email alerts: these pull in a range of feeds into one place. Widely used RSS readers include FeedlyNetvibes (where you can share or publish dashboards) and Flipboard (which gives you a magazine-like interface).If you think social media has taken over the role of RSS readers, you aren’t using RSS as much as you could. Here are some examples which you won’t find on social media…

You can get updated on new results by using Google Alerts. Use this on Chrome and you should be able to choose to receive results by email or by RSS.

WordPress has its own search engine, and results can be subscribed to using RSS so you get updated whenever a new post is published mentioning your keyword. Look for the ‘related topics’  box on the right, too: this links to tag pages on WordPress which are also useful.

wordpress search results

Look out for other places where you can find RSS feeds or email alerts for new search results For example TheyWorkForYou’s search page and WhatDoTheyKnow provide both for what MPs are saying and FOI requests respectively.

Consultation websites also typically offer RSS feeds: Transport for London’s has separate feeds for forthcoming, open, and closed consultations, but it will also give you a feed for searches.Here’s their guide to using RSS. Most government departments and local councils use the same system: here’s Leicester’s and here’s DEFRA’s.

The Gov.uk website’s Publications section also offers both RSS feeds and email alerts for new results matching any search you conduct.

Finding events in your area

Meetup, Eventbrite and Lanyrd are all useful for finding events in a particular area.

Meetup is good for regular and more informal events. You can search by location and radius, and get a calendar of upcoming events that meet your criteria.

meetup calendar view

Use the calendar view on Meetup to see upcoming events in your area

Joining a meetup group doesn’t mean you have to attend any – it’s more like joining a group on Facebook. The more you join, the more Meetup will suggest to you.

You can get an RSS feed of meetups you’ve signed up to, and you can add any individual meetup URL to an RSS reader to get an RSS feed of that meetup group’s updates. But you can’t get RSS feeds for areas or searches.

You can subscribe to emails on Meetup about groups you’ve joined, and to be alerted to new groups which may be of interest. New groups being set up is of course often a news story in itself, and an excuse to contact the organiser to interview them about it.

Eventbrite tends to be used for less regular events but also bigger ones. Again you can search by location and get a calendar of forthcoming events (remember to sort by date, not relevance).eventbrite birmingham events

Each event on Eventbrite has an organiser. Click on their profile to see more events. Sadly Eventbrite doesn’t seem to have any RSS feeds but there does appear to be a workaround using Zapier.

Lanyrd, which is owned by Eventbrite, is useful for finding conferences. You can search by keyword, and you can also try to find the URL for particular locations. This tends to begin withlanyrd.com/places/ followed by a place name, for example lanyrd.com/places/liverpool.

lanyrd events in Birmingham

Usefully, places on Lanyrd do have their own RSS feed, so you can receive updates on all events in that location on an RSS reader. You can also add them directly to your calendar. Both options are in the right hand column.The site also has a speaker directory, useful for finding experts in a particular field.

Your own specialist or local search engine

If you need to regularly search within a particular group of sites, consider setting up a personalised search engine using Google Custom Search.For example: you might make a list of local public body websites such as those for all local hospitals, the police and fire services, and local authority.


Chances are that Reddit has a number of forums related to the area you’re interested in. For example there are two Birmingham subreddits (r/brum and r/Birmingham) but also subreddits for local football teams and universities. All will have RSS feeds that can be added to an RSS reader.

Using Facebook lists to create multiple newsfeed channels

Most people know about Twitter lists, but fewer people know you can create lists in Facebook.

Like Twitter lists, these can be useful for following a specific group of people (for example those in a particular industry, organisation or area) and ensuring you can check those updates regularly: remember that most updates from your connections are never shown in your news feed, so this is a way of taking control.


Remember to bookmark your friends list once you’ve created it, as otherwise you’ll still have to access it through the Friends menu in Facebook.

Finding people on Facebook based on location or employer

Now, how do you find those people to add to your Facebook lists? If you go to Facebook’s friend requests page you will see a series of search boxes on the right hand side. These allow you to search for people by various criteria, but the most useful are where they live now and their current employer. Look for people who live and work in relevant areas.

facebook friends search boxes

Finding useful pages and groups for journalists on Facebook: Graph Search

How do you find relevant pages and groups on Facebook? Facebook’s Graph Search allows you to identify groups and pages liked or joined by people who live in a particular area, or who have liked or joined other pages or groups.

That sounds complicated as a sentence, so here’s a picture which should be a lot clearer:

Pages liked by people who live in Birmingham

To do this you need to conduct a search in Facebook using a particular sentence structure.

If you type pages liked by people who live in and then start typing a location, Facebook should start to suggest locations that it recognises. Choose the one you mean and Facebook should show your pages that match.

By default results are shown across all types of results (people, groups, pages). So make sure  that you switch to the Pages tab to see all the results.

Another phrase is pages liked by people who like followed by the name of a page. Again, start typing that name and then select one that Facebook suggests.

pages liked by people who like Aston Villa

To find groups use the phrase Groups joined by people who joined, followed by the name of a relevant group. You can also use Groups joined by people who liked, followed by the name of a relevant page, or Groups joined by people who live in followed by a location.

People joined by people who joined Birmingham Freshers 2016

LinkedIn for journalists

LinkedIn has a number of useful features for journalists. One of these is the ability to search specifically for companies. First, make sure you select Companies from the drop-down menu to the left of the search box, then press enter (don’t type any criteria):

Select the Companies option from the drop down menu

You’ll get some initial search results for all companies on LinkedIn. You can now filter those results further by using the Location option on the left. Click + Add and start typing your location until the right one appears to select.


Use the Companies filter and set the Location filter to get companies near you

It is generally not good practice to send contact requests to individuals on LinkedIn unless you know them. However, as you do build your personal contacts it is useful to add them on LinkedIn because you can choose to receive updates when your contacts are mentioned online:

LinkedIn: Connections in the news


It’s easy to underestimate Instagram, but many people find it easier or more natural to use than text-based social networks. It may be the first place that someone shares a newsworthy image or experience.

Obviously the primary way of navigating Instagram is through hashtags. These can be searched on the app, but you can also browse them online by adding your tag to the end of the URLinstagram.com/explore/tags/ e.g. instagram.com/explore/tags/manchester

A second way of finding useful accounts, however, is geotagging. A much higher proportion of instagram updates are geotagged compared to posts on other social media platforms.Worldcam allows you to find updates – and therefore users – by location.



Snapchat is another social platform which is being used by an increasingly broader range of people, including politicians and celebrities. I’ve written previously about 5 techniques for finding people on Snapchat here.

Twitter search: snapchat followed by the list name


I’ve probably written more about finding people on Twitter, and managing Twitter feeds, than any other social platform. Here are a selection of previous posts covering that:

Source : https://onlinejournalismblog.com

Categorized in Search Techniques

SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - With speculation mounting that Twitter Inc TWTR.N will soon have a new corporate owner, the 10-year-old social networking service - which has long struggled to define its core purpose -may end up heading in one of several distinctly different directions depending on who ends up paying for it.

Companies including Salesforce.com Inc CRM.N, Walt Disney Co DIS.N and Alphabet Inc's GOOGL.O Google have shown interest in Twitter, which is working with investment banks to evaluate its options, according to people familiar with the matter.

With Salesforce.com, Twitter might turn its focus to customer service communications and mining its database of tweets for business intelligence. Google would likely be most interested in the social and news dimensions of Twitter. Disney, by contrast, might see it as a way to expand the reach of its sports and entertainment programming.

It is not clear how quickly Twitter might approach a sale, but it is moving to formalize the process, sources have said. A deal is by no means assured in light of the company's uncertain financial prospects and steep price tag - its market value is more than $16 billion after talk of a sale drove the stock up over the past few days.

Twitter Chief Executive Jack Dorsey, speaking at a conference in Washington on Monday, declined to comment on possible sale talks.


Salesforce.com, run by CEO Marc Benioff, is focused on cloud-based sales and marketing software; unlike Twitter, its main product is aimed at businesses users, not consumers. Under Salesforce.com, Twitter could become a corporate tool used to power sentiment analysis and nurture customer relationships.

Salesforce.com already uses the Twitter "firehose" for its new artificial intelligence platform, Einstein.

"It would give them the social graph and a better idea of how social media relates to its customers," said Ryan Holmes, chief executive of Hootsuite, a private technology firm that helps brands and consumers manage their social media accounts.

Holmes also said that if Salesforce.com owned all of Twitter's data, it could have better insights into what sort of conversations companies such as airlines or telecom firms might be having with their customers and thereby gain more understanding of their business challenges.

But many Twitter users - especially newer ones - are not active tweeters, which over time could limit the value of the data Twitter can provide. Salesforce.com could also likely gain much of the benefit of Twitter's data from licensing its trove of tweets as opposed to buying the whole company.

Salesforce.com investors are already spooked by the speculation it could acquire Twitter: its shares are down 6 percent since news of the company's interest flared up last week.


Twitter would fit easily with Google's online advertising-driven business model. Ads could be sold across paid search, YouTube, display and mobile on Twitter - while filling a gap for Google, which has struggled with social media.

"Google already has the eyeballs with advertisers. Cross-selling to the Twitter inventory could be an amazing play for them," Hootsuite's Holmes said.

Google, which has expertise in monitoring its video service YouTube, would know how to deal with the tricky policy issues facing Twitter, such as abusive tweets and censorship.

Still, such a tie-up faces potentially fatal regulatory hurdles, analysts said. In Europe, where the company has a bigger share of the search market than in the United States, the company is already facing two antitrust investigations.

"Google could help Twitter's user acquisition problem. The unknown is whether regulators in the United States and European Union would allow the transaction," said BTIG analyst Rich Greenfield.

Facebook Inc FB.O, meanwhile, has been trying to replicate Twitter on its own platform and could also face antitrust challenges if it tried to buy the company, Greenfield said. So far Facebook has not been mentioned as a potential buyer, but with its large cash reserves and penchant for surprise moves it cannot be counted out.


Twitter's foray into live streaming of National Football League games and its presence in news gathering could interest media companies such as Disney, which owns sports channel ESPN.

Twitter's presence on mobile devices could help any media company, all of which are struggling to find mobile growth, according to BTIG's Greenfield. No media company has a mobile product with as much reach as Twitter, he noted.

"The world of media is shifting to mobile and these newer platforms are becoming the future," Greenfield said.

Still, media companies do not have the best track record with social media. News Corp's NWSA.O acquisition of MySpace in 2005 ended in disaster. And some question whether the media companies and top personalities that have been so important to Twitter would stick around if a rival media firm were the owner.

(Reporting by Liana B. Baker in San Francisco; Additional reporting by David Shepardson in Washington and Deborah Todd in San Francisco; Editing by Jonathan Weber and Bill Rigby)

Source : http://ca.reuters.com/

Categorized in Internet Technology

Was there a major Google algorithm change this week? Many webmasters believe so.


Earlier this month, we reported about significant chatter around a Google algorithm update. Well, it looks like we have another update to report to you this week.

On Tuesday of this week, there were some early signals of a Google update. Those signalsintensified Thursday and seem to just be getting stronger day by day.

In short, the webmaster and SEO community is confident that there was an algorithm change with the Google organic search results this week. Not only are the SEO forums and communities discussing it, the tracking tools from MozcastAccurankerRankRanger and others have also shown significant fluctuations in the organic rankings in Google.

Google’s PR team wouldn’t directly comment. Instead, they pointed to a tweet by John Mueller from Google: “nothing specific, sorry — we’re always working to improve things!” This is in response to questions about an algorithm update. John also said this morning on Twitter that these are normal fluctuations:

In any event, it seems this is not directly related to the Google Penguin update we are all anxiously awaiting.


Source : http://searchengineland.com/google-downplays-google-algorithm-ranking-update-week-normal-fluctuations-258923

Categorized in Search Engine
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