fbpx

Searching online has many educational benefits. For instance, one study found students who used advanced online search strategies also had higher grades at university.

But spending more time online does not guarantee better online skills. Instead, a student’s ability to successfully search online increases with guidance and explicit instruction.

Young people tend to assume they are already competent searchers. Their teachers and parents often assume this too. This assumption, and the misguided belief that searching always results in learning, means much classroom practice focuses on searching to learn, rarely on learning to search.

Many teachers don’t explictly teach students how to search online. Instead, students often teach themselves and are reluctant to ask for assistance. This does not result in students obtaining the skills they need.

For six years, I studied how young Australians use search engines. Both school students and home-schoolers (the nation’s fastest-growing educational cohort) showed some traits of online searching that aren’t beneficial. For instance, both groups spent greater time on irrelevant websites than relevant ones and regularly quit searches before finding their desired information.

Here are three things young people should keep in mind to get the full benefits of searching online.

1. Search for more than just isolated facts

Young people should explore, synthesise and question information on the internet, rather than just locating one thing and moving on.

Search engines offer endless educational opportunities but many students typically only search for isolated facts. This means they are no better off than they were 40 years ago with a print encyclopedia.

It’s important for searchers to use different keywords and queries, multiple sites and search tabs (such as news and images).

Part of my (as yet unpublished) PhD research involved observing young people and their parents using a search engine for 20 minutes. In one (typical) observation, a home-school family type “How many endangered Sumatran Tigers are there” into Google. They enter a single website where they read a single sentence.

The parent writes this “answer” down and they begin the next (unrelated) topic – growing seeds.

The student could have learned much more had they also searched for

  • where Sumatra is
  • why the tigers are endangered
  • how people can help them.

I searched Google using the keywords “Sumatran tigers” in quotation marks instead. The returned results offered me the ability to view National Geographic footage of the tigers and to chat live with an expert from the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) about them.

Clicking the “news” tab with this same query provided current media stories, including on two tigers coming to an Australian wildlife park and on the effect of palm oil on the species. Small changes to search techniques can make a big difference to the educational benefits made available online.

More can be learnt about Sumatran tigers with better search techniques. Source: Shutterstock

2. Slow down

All too often we presume search can be a fast process. The home-school families in my study spent 90 seconds or less, on average, viewing each website and searched a new topic every four minutes.

Searching so quickly can mean students don’t write effective search queries or get the information they need. They may also not have enough time to consider search results and evaluate websites for accuracy and relevance.

My research confirmed young searchers frequently click on only the most prominent links and first websites returned, possibly trying to save time. This is problematic given the commercial environment where such positions can be bought and given children tend to take the accuracy of everything online for granted.

Fast search is not always problematic. Quickly locating facts means students can spend time on more challenging educational follow-up tasks – like analysing or categorising the facts. But this is only true if they first persist until they find the right information.

3. You’re in charge of the search, not Google

Young searchers frequently rely on search tools like Google’s “Did you mean” function.

While students feel confident as searchers, my PhD research found they were more confident in Google itself. One Year Eight student explained: “I’m used to Google making the changes to look for me”.

Such attitudes can mean students dismiss relevant keywords by automatically agreeing with the (sometimes incorrect) auto-correct or going on irrelevant tangents unknowingly.

Teaching students to choose websites based on domain name extensions can also help ensure they are in charge, not the search engine. The easily purchasable “.com”, for example, denotes a commercial site while information on websites with a “.gov”(government) or “.edu” (education) domain name extension better assure quality information.

Search engines have great potential to provide new educational benefits, but we should be cautious of presuming this potential is actually a guarantee.

[Source: This article was published in studyinternational.com By The Conversation - Uploaded by the Association Member: Bridget Miller]

Categorized in Search Techniques

Sourcing great candidates is half the battle of recruiting. In order to hire the best person for the job, you need to identify, interview and pique the interest of the right people. It’s no easy feat, either — recruiters spend 13 hours on average sourcing candidates for a single role.

Using Boolean search in recruitment can to save time and improve the quality of your candidate pool, ultimately increasing the quality of your next hire. In this article, we’ll cover 11 essential Boolean search operators and five tips to success.

Boolean search is a query methodology that is used to broaden, narrow or refine search results. It was invented by George Boole, an English mathematician and author of The Mathematical Analysis of Logic (1847) and it has significantly influenced the evolution of the search-engine giant, Google. 

In recruitment, Boolean search helps to quickly and effectively locate ideal candidates for open roles. Similar to an “Advanced Search” function, Boolean search operators — words and symbols — allow you to include, exclude and tag specific keywords to carefully refine your search results. Ultimately, the goal of using Boolean search in recruitment is to hone in on broad topics — such as job titles or requirements — to identify a desirable, niche candidate pool. 

Ultimately, the goal of using Boolean search in recruitment is to hone in on broad topics — such as job titles or requirements — to identify a desirable, niche candidate pool.

Using Boolean search operators to create a complex search string, recruiters can locate a range of relevant candidates. In doing so, you minimize sourcing needs and improve the efficiency of your recruitment process. 

ADVANTAGES OF BOOLEAN SEARCH IN RECRUITMENT

We understand that as a tech recruiter in a highly competitive industry, your bandwidth is already at or quickly approaching capacity. So before you dedicate the time to learning new sourcing techniques, let’s review some of the advantages of Boolean search in recruitment.

  • Faster. It’s estimated that recruiters can identify 20-60 well-suited candidates for a given role per hour. 
  • Cost-effective. Job boards are great for networking, but they don’t always cater to a specific field or industry and can cost a pretty penny. This means recruiters have to individually sift through unqualified or irrelevant resumes to find the right candidates. Boolean search makes it easier to hone in on a specific set of candidates without having to pay a monthly subscription fee. 
  • More control. With a conceivably unlimited number of Boolean search string possibilities, recruiters can carefully customize how they source candidates and control the results.
  • Active recruiting method. While you can’t necessarily get away from posting job openings, it is somewhat of a passive recruitment tactic. You’re assuming that the right candidate will come to you, which is ideal, but less attainable for young companies just getting started. Boolean search allows recruiters to actively source candidates without draining their resources.

6 BASIC BOOLEAN SEARCH OPERATORS RECRUITERS SHOULD KNOW

To start creating complex Boolean search strings to improve your sourcing tactics, there are six essential operators you need to know. These can be used as many times as necessary in a search string and should be written in all-caps. Otherwise, they will be interpreted as part of your search string keywords, not as a Boolean search operator.

OPERATOR #1: AND

Functionality: Includes multiple criteria in search results

When to Use It: Use the AND operator to narrow search results based on multiple requirements. 

Explanation: If you’re looking to hire a new software engineer, you’d use the AND operator to search for software AND engineer. The results you receive will include both “software” and “engineer.”  

Boolean Search Example

  • software AND engineer

OPERATOR #2: OR

Functionality: Includes one or more criteria in search results

When to Use It: Use the OR operator to expand your search results. 

Explanation: Your developer role is still vacant. You’re familiar with the software engineer vs. developer debate, so you broaden your search results by using the OR operator to search for engineer OR developer. This will generate a results list that includes either “engineer” or “developer.”

Boolean Search Example

  • engineer OR developer

OPERATOR #3: NOT OR (-)

Functionality: Excludes unwanted criteria from search results 

When to Use It: Use the NOT or (-) operator to narrow your search results by omitting unwanted criteria.

Explanation: Perhaps one of the most common and practical uses of Boolean search in recruitment is including the NOT operator to eliminate job postings; you’re looking for candidates to fill open roles, not a job seeker looking for a new position. To eliminate job postings and descriptions from your search results, include one or more of the following operators in your search string:

  • NOT job; -job
  • NOT jobs; -jobs
  • NOT hire; -hire
  • NOT hiring; -hiring

Use the (-) operator when searching on Google or LinkedIn, removing a space between the minus symbol and the keyword. 

Boolean Search Example

  • software engineer NOT job
  • software engineer -job

When searching in Google using this Boolean search string, you may notice a jobs widget. Scroll past the widget to find the results that match your Boolean search criteria.

OPERATOR #4: BRACKETS ()

Functionality: Group search phrases and prioritize operators 

When to Use It: Use the brackets operator to include multiple operators without changing the search query. 

Explanation: Brackets maintain groupings and indicate priority. Let’s say we’re looking for either a software engineer or developer. Since engineers specialize in various disciplines — chemical, mechanical, biomechanical, etc. — and developers are often associated with construction, it’s important we include software in our search string. 

Without the brackets operator, the search string would look like this: software AND engineer OR developer NOT jobs. In this example, the search engine does not know which search to prioritize. Including brackets around engineer OR developer signals to the search engine to perform the engineer OR developer query first, then eliminate all results that do not include “software,” and all results relating to job, jobs, hire or hiring.

Boolean Search Example

  • software AND (engineer OR developer) -job -jobs -hire -hiring

OPERATOR #5: QUOTATIONS “”

Functionality: Search for exact phrase

When to Use It: Use the quotations operator when you want results that include an exact phrase. 

Explanation: This is probably the search operator you’re most familiar with. We often use it when we’ve lost track of the source for a quote we like or when we need to find the name of a song we only remember a line or two of. 

However, when performing a Boolean search in recruitment, only use the quotations operator when you are confident in the exact phrase you’re looking for. Otherwise, you’ll unintentionally exclude a large pool of viable results. 

Boolean Search Example

Your team has decided that they are looking for a software engineer, not developer. To refine your search results, update your search query to the following: 

  • “software engineer” -job -jobs -hire -hiring

OPERATOR #6: ASTERISK *

Functionality: Search for variations of a root word

When to Use It: Use the asterisk operator to broaden your search results when you know there are multiple variations of a root word.

Example: To vastly expand your search results for a manager, searching for manag* will pull results like: manager, managed, managing, manages, management, managerial, etc.

Pay careful attention to where you truncate the root word as including an extra letter will modify your results. For example, searching for manage* will eliminate managing from the original list.  

Boolean Search Example

  • software AND (engineer OR developer) -job -jobs -hire -hiring AND manag*

SAMPLE STRING: BOOLEAN SEARCH IN RECRUITMENT

Now, let’s put these six operators to use and work backward to decode this search string.

  • software AND (engineer OR developer) -job -jobs -hire -hiring AND manag* AND (“Ruby on Rails” OR Ruby)

Our first two operators — software AND (engineer OR developer) — describe the role we’re looking for: a software engineer or software developer. We want individuals who meet this main requirement and who: 

  • Have management experience, but do not necessarily have “manager” in their title: AND manag*
  • Have experience working with Ruby languages: (“Ruby on Rails” OR Ruby)

We also want to eliminate all job postings for similar roles: -job -jobs -hire -hiring

5 ADVANCED BOOLEAN SEARCH OPERATORS

Once you feel confident in your ability to perform recruitment searches using the six basic Boolean operators, expand your skills using the following five advanced search functions. Note that unless the operator is shown in all-caps, it does not need to be capitalized in your search string.

ADVANCED OPERATOR #1: TILDE ~

Functionality: Search for synonyms of a word

When to Use It: Use the tilde (~) operator to expand your search results when including criteria that may be described in multiple ways.

Explanation: When sourcing candidates, you’re interested in resumes, not job descriptions. However, you don’t necessarily want to exclude candidates who have a CV or curriculum vitae. Add the tilde operator to your search string to include all three application documents within your search results.

Boolean Search Example

  • software AND (engineer OR developer) AND ~resume -job -jobs -hire -hiring AND manag* AND (“Ruby on Rails” OR Ruby)

Just by adding the tilde (~) operator, we already see more applicable, candidate-driven results.

ADVANCED OPERATOR #2: NEAR

Functionality: Search for two words that appear within 1-10 words of each other in results

When to Use It: Use the NEAR operator to include a broader topic in your search results without unfavorably limiting them to an exact phrase. 

Explanation: If you want your software engineer candidates to have experience in web development, use the NEAR operator to include results that discuss web development and are not limited to “web development” exactly. 

As we discussed earlier, “develop” has many variations. To include results such as “web developer” or “developed multiple web pages,” use the asterisk operator on develop*. Include brackets to ensure the NEAR operator is interpreted properly.

Boolean Search Example

  • software AND (engineer OR developer) AND ~resume -job -jobs -hire -hiring AND manag* AND (“Ruby on Rails” OR Ruby) AND (web NEAR develop*)

ADVANCED OPERATOR #3: FILETYPE:

Functionality: Search for results in specific file formats

When to Use It: Use the filetype: operator when searching your ATS or the web for resume or CV documents.

Explanation: Include a filetype: operator in your search string to limit results to only those with a specified file attachment that contains the other operator criteria. Since resumes can be linked online in various formats, we’ll also use the OR operator to avoid excluding other qualified resumes that may be in a different file type.

Boolean Search Example

  • software AND (engineer OR developer) AND ~resume (filetype:pdf OR filetype:doc OR filetype:txt OR filetype:docx) -job -jobs -hire -hiring AND manag* AND (“Ruby on Rails” OR Ruby) AND (web NEAR develop*) 

ADVANCED OPERATOR #4: URL: AND SITE:

Functionality: Search for results within a specific website

When to Use It: Use either the URL: or site: operator to narrow your search results to websites that are home to your target candidates, such as social media platforms or networking sites. Do not include a space between the operator and domain, as in: site:google.com.

Explanation: Since you’re looking for a software engineer, you can narrow your search results to only resumes from known developer websites, such as GitHub.com. 

When sourcing across the entire internet, you’re sure to find candidates who meet your stated criteria. However, when searching a specific website, you will likely need to pare down your search string to just the basics to start. Then, add operators back on one at a time in order of priority to whittle down your list of results.

Boolean Search Example

  • site:github.com software AND (engineer OR developer) AND ~resume -job -jobs -hire -hiring

ADVANCED OPERATOR #5: INTITLE: / INTEXT: / INURL:

Functionality: Search for results with keywords within the title (intitle:) or body text (intext:) of a web page, or within the URL (inurl:).

When to Use It: As an alternative to the filetype: operator, use the intitle: or intext: operators to search for resume pages or links within a website, or use the inurl: operator to find a relevant URL. 

Explanation: Often, job seekers create online portfolios with links to all their work and application documents. While there is usually the opportunity to download a file, resumes and CVs are often uploaded as a web page with “resume” or “CV” in the title. 

Using the intext: operator performs the same function as intitle:, but within the body text of a web page, just as the inurl: operator searches within the URL. 

Boolean Search Example

  • site:github.com (inurl:resume OR inurl:CV) software AND (engineer OR developer) -job -jobs -hire -hiring

As you can see from the photo above, our most refined search string has yielded only resume results that meet our specified criteria. Now, we can evaluate each resume with confidence, knowing that these candidates will be relevant to our search.

5 TIPS FOR USING BOOLEAN SEARCH IN RECRUITMENT

Creating and testing new search strings is key to hone your skills and make the most of Boolean search techniques in recruitment. As you familiarize yourself with the operators we’ve discussed, use the following five tips to improve your results.

1. USE CANDIDATE PERSONAS

Creating a custom candidate persona for every open role gives you the information you need to recruit the right people. Work with hiring managers to distinguish job must-haves from nice-to-haves. Doing so will help you refine your Boolean search strings and accurately narrow your results. 

2. REGULARLY MODIFY YOUR SEARCH STRING

Know that the more operators you add to your search string, the narrower your results become. While complex search strings will quickly help you identify your ideal candidate, you may unintentionally eliminate qualified individuals from your talent pool. Cut or add operators as needed to adjust your search results.

3. RECORD SUCCESSFUL SEARCH STRINGS

As you continue to use Boolean search methods, make note of search strings you use most frequently and that yield high-quality results. Keep these strings on hand to save time on future searches. 

4. KEEP A LIST OF SPELLING VARIATIONS

The more results you review, the more readily you’ll recognize spelling variations in your keywords. For example, candidates may write “Power Point” instead of “PowerPoint.” Keep track of spelling variations you notice and use the OR operator to include all known variations within your results. 

5. BE AWARE OF FALSE POSITIVES

False positives — results that look accurate but aren’t — are common in Boolean search. No matter how specific and complex your search string is, an irrelevant result may find its way into the mix. Carefully consult each result and verify it meets your requirements.

Using Boolean search in recruitment is a low-cost, highly effective approach to sourcing candidates. The more experience you have crafting Boolean search strings the better your results will be. Minimizing your time spent sourcing candidates can drastically cut down on your cost-per-hire and reduce the cost-of-vacancy for open positions, so it’s worth your time to master Boolean search methods.

 [Source: This article was published in builtin.co By Kate Heinz - Uploaded by the Association Member: Jay Harris]

Categorized in Search Techniques

Google has launched a new update in its Search Term report data explanations. Users are reporting that they are witnessing some not clear warning in their accounts alert section. If you click on the option of Learn More then you will be redirected on a Google support article about Search Terms. The article about search terms was present there for a long time. Although, users are now reporting that they are also witnessing a warning which is placed underneath the article. There is no explanation on the warning by the concerned authorities of Google. They also have launched a special statement but it is unclear as to why the warning is appearing.

As per the statement made by Google, they have updated their privacy and maintain changes in their Search Term reports. The statement clearly stated that the Search Term Report will only include terms that a significant number of users searched for. Although, the statement does not shed any light on the warning which has been witnessed by the users. The statement launched by the concerned authorities also said that they are always investing in new and effective ways to share insights on topics. In this statement, it is clearly said that Google takes care of the advertisers so that they can make crucial business decisions.

Paid search managers are not taking the decision very sportingly. Managers will now have fewer controls over their accounts and very less relative information from Google. Some of the researchers also shared that people were getting money on clicks for a query totally irrelevant from the webpage. Many of the managers have also stated that this change is inevitable. They just have to adapt their website according to the new rules. Last week also some managers were reportedly facing issues in the Ad creative section.

[Source: This article was published in flipweb.org By Abhishek - Uploaded by the Association Member: Dana W. Jimenez]

Categorized in Search Engine

Apple made a significant update to its web crawler Applebot, fueling speculation that the tech giant wants to swoop in and grab search market share from rival Google with its own web-based search engine. Let’s dig in a little bit deeper to find out how this strategic move will benefit the Cupertino-based tech behemoth. 

Apple is planning to dip its toes into the search engine market. Coywolf’s report hints that “there are several signs that Apple may be doing just that.” Speculations have also been triggered by recent updates to improve Siri and Spotlight search results, which indicate that Apple is doubling down on search. 

Apple’s Ambitious Project: A Search Engine

Since 2015, the Cupertino tech giant has been hard at work to blunt Google’s dominance in search. First came the web crawler Applebot —  used in products like Siri and Spotlight Suggestions, Apple confirmed. Applebot is pegged as a springboard that will enable Apple to rapidly expand its search.  Evidently, in July this year, Apple updated its Applebot support page, and since then, several developers have noticed more frequent Applebot crawls on their site. Michael James Field, a digital marketing consultant, tweeted about massive spikes in crawls.  

Then, in 2018, Goldman Sachs analysts estimated that Google paid Apple $9.5 billion in traffic acquisition costs (TAC) to be the default search engine on iOS devices. This accounted for 23% of Apple’s service group’s total revenue. In 2019, Google paid Apple $1.5 billion to remain the default iOS search option in the U.K alone. 

This massive deal has come under the radar of the U.K. regulators. Upon reviewing the agreement, The U.K. Competition and Markets Authority observed that this arrangement stifled competition in the search engine market populated with Microsoft Bing, DuckDuckGo, Yahoo. 

The report stated, “Given the impact of pre installations and defaults on mobile devices and Apple’s significant market share, it is our view that Apple’s existing arrangements with Google create a significant barrier to entry and expansion for rivals affecting competition between search engines on mobiles.”

Apple is also busy building an engineering team to drive search engine operations, the jobs page reveals.  

Search Engine: A Big Boost to Apple’s Business

If Apple launches its search engine, it might just diminish Google’s stranglehold in the search engine market and eat into its ad revenue, which amounted to $134.81 billion in 2019.  Jon Henshaw, founder and managing editor of Coywolf says, “A search engine from Apple will likely look and function slightly different from modern search engines like Google, Bing, and DuckDuckGo. That’s because Apple historically likes to do things differently, and their search engine will serve a different purpose than showing ads and data mining. an Apple search engine will likely function as a highly personalized data hub. It will be similar to Google Assistant on Android, but different since it (initially) won’t have ads, will be completely private, and have significantly deeper integrations with the OS.”

In August 2020, Apple introduced the AI/ML residency program to gather niche experts to build AI products and experiences. With this program, Apple aims to leverage AI and ML expertise to strengthen its search engine platform and beef up AI-driven search results based on users’ email, messages, photos, contacts, and events.

Apple search engine will be a big boost for iOS developers who could promote their apps in the search engine, adding value to Apple’s digital ad revenue. And if Apple does launch its own universal search engine, it would be more personalized, privacy-focused, and feature deeper integrations with the OS. 

 

 

[Source: This article was published in toolbox.com By Priya Jha - Uploaded by the Association Member: Jennifer Levin]

Categorized in News & Politics

Welcome to TNW Basics, a collection of tips, guides, and advice on how to easily get the most out of your gadgets, apps, and other stuff.

Stock photos have become a homestead of content creation, but finding the right image can be a hassle — and sometimes a legal liability.

Well, you’ll be delighted to know Google has updated Image Search to make it easier to discover free-to-use images — and how to license the ones you can’t use for free.

Here’s how to take advantage of the new changes:

  • Search for the image you want as you normally would, then head to the Images section.
  • Click on “Tools” to expand the filter menu.
  • Under “Usage Rights,” you’ll find the option to sort images by their license — Creative Commons or commercial use.
  • That’s it.

Final_1800sq_Licensable_SRP_and_Viewer_sha.max-1000x1000.png

One nifty addition is that Google now surfaces information on how you can obtain the rights for a licensed image directly in the description.

If you don’t tick off any of the “Usage Rights” options, Google will simply show all images that fit your search criteria. Images that lack licensing data will be marked with a warning, noting “images may be subject to copyright.”

It’s worth noting Google only highlights licensing details for images if a creator or a publisher has already provided this information, so your best bet to avoid unknowingly using a copyrighted pic is to filter out photos lacking this information.

If you can’t find the right image on Google, you can always try trawling through copyrights-free stock photo sites. We’ve put together a shortlist of some of our favorite options here. Those won’t match the sheer volume and diversity of choice Google offers, but the quality tends to be consistently higher.

[Source: This article was published in thenextweb.com By MIX - Uploaded by the Association Member: Martin Grossner]

Categorized in Search Engine

The words “privacy” and “internet” are sort of an oxymoron because it’s incredibly hard to be truly safe and anonymous on the internet. ISPs, browsers, and websites are constantly monitoring everything people do online and collecting their data. Cybercriminals should also be a major concern to everyone as they’re always looking for new victims to target.

That said, unless someone’s a person of interest to government organizations or crime syndicates, they can achieve a robust level of online privacy. Check out these 5 ways to safely and privately browse the internet.

Why is More Privacy a Good Thing?

Browsing the internet and using apps generally means giving up a lot of personal data. That’s because governments, ISPs, browsers, websites, and apps are constantly monitoring what people are doing. With websites, for instance, this is done via cookies and trackers.

People have always been generally aware that their data is being gathered by companies, usually for either service improvement or ad purposes. But recently, it’s become apparent that companies and app developers are privy to people’s personal lives to an alarming degree.

Many people might reiterate that “nothing to hide” mantra for why they freely give away all this information. Explaining why that statement is heedlessly naive may well fill a whole book, so here are two short but powerful reasons instead:

– Online security has become directly linked to physical security. Nevermind the people potentially spying over a webcam or smart home camera. Stalking and swatting are two other real-life consequences. Jameson Lopp can certainly attest to that after being swatted and threatened numerous times by an anonymous attacker.

– The copious amounts of data breaches occurring every year is a testament to the fact that companies cannot be trusted with everyone’s personal data. The information they collect is extremely valuable to criminals, and they will go to great lengths to get it.

How to Stay Safe and Private While Browsing the Internet

1. Use a VPN

VPNs are constantly being mentioned these days, but what is a VPN, and how does it actually work?

Virtual private networks provide a way to have a private connection over a public network. The technology utilizes what’s called an encryption tunnel to make data hard to get and unreadable. It also sends the connection through a VPN server which replaces a device’s IP address and changes its owner’s location.

This all means that a person gains both privacy and security while browsing with a VPN turned on. Just keep in mind that this does not protect against malware and a compromised computer or device will still send unfiltered information to attackers.

2. Go Incognito

Browsing in private or incognito mode provides a modicum of privacy by preventing the browser from saving that session’s browsing history. Chrome has also recently added a feature that automatically blocks third-party cookies in incognito mode – but not all trackers. Making this great when combined with other privacy and security steps.

3. Don’t Log Into Anything

Naturally, this advice cannot be applied to everyday browsing as logging into an email or other accounts is sometimes necessary. This is especially true during work hours. There are times when logging in isn’t necessary, however.

Following privacy measures, like using a VPN, is canceled out when someone logs into their accounts, instantly identifying them. VPNs will keep the connection secure from outside threats like SSL-stripping, and incognito still means browsing history won’t be saved. 

4. Avoid Too Many Extensions

Extensions can be convenient and incredibly helpful, but they can also be a siphon for browsing data and personal information. It’s not that the extensions themselves are necessarily dangerous – though some are malware in disguise. Instead, it’s that they can be weak links in a browser’s security infrastructure. 

Extension developers don’t always keep up with security updates for their products, and some get abandoned entirely. Cybercriminals take advantage of those weaknesses to infiltrate people’s browsing sessions through their extensions.

This doesn’t mean they should be avoided altogether, as that’s not always possible. Do take care by properly vetting and managing extensions to ensure they remain safe to use.

5. Try a Privacy Browser

Privacy browsers are becoming more and more popular thanks to their focus on the user’s need for protection rather than their corporate greed. Browsers like Tor, DuckDuckGo, and Brave, block all trackers and don’t collect browsing history. Each privacy browser has its own list of beneficial features but the Tor browser warrants a special mention.

Tor utilizes a network of servers to anonymize a person’s browsing session. It sends their network requests through a series of “nodes” which replace a device’s IP address. Keep in mind, however, unlike a VPN, Tor does not anonymize any other online events, like apps, nor does it encrypt the connection.

Final Thoughts

It’s not fair that these are the lengths needed to ensure online privacy and security. Things are looking up, regulation-wise, but the reality is that privacy declines as technology improves. Already there have been major issues regarding the IoT and home smart devices being abused to spy on people.

[Source: This article was published in thebuzzpaper.com By Devashish Pandey - Uploaded by the Association Member: Clara Johnson] 

Categorized in Internet Privacy

A recent research paper has reaffirmed that our internet history can be reliably used to identify us. The research was conducted by Sarah Bird, Ilana Segall, and Martin Lopatka from Mozilla and is titled: Replication: Why We Still Can’t Browse in Peace:On the Uniqueness and Reidentifiability of Web Browsing Histories. The paper was released at the Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security and is a continuation of a 2012 paper which highlighted the same reidentifiability problem.

Just your internet history can be used to reidentify you on the internet

Using data from 52,000 consenting Firefox users, the researchers were able to identify 48,919 distinct browsing profiles which had 99% uniqueness.

This is especially concerning because internet history is routinely sold by your internet service provider (ISP) and mobile data provider to third party advertising and marketing firms which are demonstrably able to tie a list of sites back to an individual they already have a profile on – even if the ISP claims to be “anonymizing” the data being sold. This is legally sanctioned activity ever since 2017 when Congress voted to get rid of broadband privacy and allow the monetization of this type of data collection.

This type of “history based profiling” is undoubtedly being used to build ad profiles on internet users around the world. Previous studies have shown that an IP address usually stays static for about a month – which the researchers noted “is more than enough time to build reidentifiable browsing profiles.”

It isn’t just our ISPs and mobile data providers that are siphoning up browsing history and using it for fingerprinting purposes, though. The authors noted in the abstract:

“[…] we observe numerous third parties pervasive enough to gather web histories sufficient to leverage browsing history as an identifier.”

These third parties include obvious players with a lot of insight into internet traffic such as Facebook and Google. All hope is not lost, though. In their user-facing recommendations section, the researchers commented:

“Until the state of the web has improved, the onus of ensuring privacy often falls on the user.”

Reidentification is a provable, real problem on the internet that internet users need to prepare for. It’s unfortunate that the internet infrastructure isn’t set up to respect privacy, and it’s unclear if it ever will be.

[Source: This article was published in privateinternetaccess.com By Caleb Chen - Uploaded by the Association Member: Jasper Solander]

Categorized in Internet Privacy

Law enforcement agencies working online benefit from machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) , which lead to leading solutions. ML and AI work together, and automated methods can search the dark web, detect illegal activity and bring malicious actors to justice. 

The interface between AI and GIS has created enormous possibilities that were not possible before. The field of artificial intelligence (AI) is so advanced that it exceeds or exceeds human accuracy in many areas, such as speech recognition, reading and writing, and image recognition. Together, ML and AI are rapidly making their way into the world of law enforcement. 

AI, machine learning, and deep learning help make the world a better place, for example, by helping to increase crop yields through precision farming, fighting crime through predictive policing, or predicting when the next big storm will arrive, whether in the US or elsewhere.

As fraud detection programs are driven by artificial intelligence (AI), many of these chains turn to AI to ensure that they use various techniques to stop bad actors in advance. Broadly speaking, AI is the ability to perform tasks that typically require a certain level of human intelligence. 

Reward programs are particularly popular because they can store large amounts of valuable data, including payment information. Reward points are also valuable because bad actors can spend them or sell them on dark web marketplaces. 

Coffee giant Dunkin 'Donuts was the victim of a hacker attack in October 2018, and the fraudsters who initiated the program were able to sell users' loyalty credits on dark web marketplaces for a fraction of their value. Sixgill is a cyber threat intelligence service that analyses dark web activity to detect and prevent cyber attacks and sensitive data leaks before they occur. Using advanced algorithms, its cyber intelligence platform provides organisations with real-time alerts and actionable intelligence that priorities major threats such as cyber attacks, data breaches and cyber attacks. 

New York City-based Insight has developed a threat detection platform that uses artificial intelligence and machine learning to scan deep and dark networks for specific keywords to alert potential targets. Sixgill investigates the Dark Web, the Internet of Things, and other areas of human activity to identify and predict cybercrime and terrorist activity. While the darker web requires someone to use the Tor browser, it can also be accessed by someone who knows where to look. 

That's why AI and ML are used to bring light into the dark web, and they can sweep it away faster than a person could. The IntSights report primarily scans deep and dark nets for the latter, but it can also scan the darker net, though not as fast or as far as a person could do, the report said. 

The problem with using AI and ML for this job is that there is not enough clarity: 40% of the websites on the dark-net are completely legal. The remaining 60% are not, and this includes anonymous transactions that are legal, according to the IntSights report.

 

Good cybersecurity practices can reduce the risk of information being collected and sold on the dark-net. Reporting incidents to law enforcement can generally reduce the risk, and a quick response to incidents can help minimise the damage. According to IntSights, law enforcement agencies around the world seized more than $1.5 billion worth of malicious software in 2017. 

Cobwebs Technologies' confusing tool can also search for information about possible crimes before they happen. Cobwebs Technologies' involvement tools can also search for information about potential crimes before they happen, and they are available to law enforcement free of charge. 

Cobwebs Technologies "confusing tool scans the deep dark web to identify and find connections between people's different profiles, displays the information in graphs and maps, and presents it in a variety of formats. It uses artificial intelligence and machine learning to search for keywords that contain information about people, such as their social media profiles and social networks. Tangle can also generate alarms to alert officials to potential threats extremely quickly. Monitoring people's activities on the dark web and other social networks can help officials pinpoint their plans.

Criminals now routinely use the internet to keep their criminal businesses under wraps, and artificial intelligence could help catch paedophiles operating on the dark-net, the Home Office has announced. The company's co-founder and chief technology officer, Dr Michael O'Brien, said: "Our company has developed an AI-based web intelligence solution to make the web safer by enabling law enforcement and crime analysts to uncover the hidden profiles of criminals, drug dealers, money launderers and other criminals lurking in the deep darknet. 

Earlier this month, Chancellor Sajid Javid announced that £30million had been made available to tackle child sexual exploitation online, with the Home Office revealing details on Tuesday of how it will be spent. The government has promised to spend more money on a child abuse image database that, since 2014, has allowed police and other law enforcement agencies to search seized computers or other devices for indecent images of children to help identify victims. Some aspects of artificial intelligence, including language analysis and age assessment, have been used to determine whether they would help track down child molesters.

[Source: This article was published in aidaily.co.uk By Manahil Zahra - Uploaded by the Association Member: Anna K. Sasaki]

Categorized in Deep Web

There is no boundary in online learning, you are allowed to explore almost all the knowledge available on the internet. Web research tools help us to find the correct thing and research on it. There is a huge variety of courses to choose from, all you need to have is time and a desire to learn.

Learning online is not even costly, most of the learning sources are free. Few websites have paid courses, although those are excellent! Online learners can get access to a lot of university libraries for data collection. In online learning, you don’t need to reach a particular place, your research can be run from anywhere. So, it provides you a better opportunity to concentrate on your research as you can customize your learning environment. There are chances to participate in online tests and exams, some of them provide certificates also. Online schools and Online colleges have been helping this generation a lot. You can google for knowing how online classes work.

For an easy and perfect online learning, your web research technique should be correct. There are some web research tools that would help if you know the perfect usage. Students, traders, industries, researchers, professors all over the world are the users of those web research tools. They make use of these in order to learn, innovate and make things. Let’s take a look at the helpful tools for online research:

1. Reliable Search Engines

For web research, It would be the primary step to enter on a search engine. Google is the largest search engine on the web. Also, other search engines are popular with online learners. Some of them are specialized in certain research subjects also.

Google
Bing
Yahoo
Baidu
Ask.com

Search engines show results on the keywords that a user searches for. As search results, millions of pages, video links, website links are shown. Not only search results but these web research tools also provide other services like email, instant messaging, business apps, academic apps, etc. There are question & answer communities in the search engines that sometimes help more than a search engine. Overall, search engines are a great way of web research for online learners.

2. Online Encyclopedias

Digital encyclopedias have a great collection of information about things. Academic disciplines to spiritual practices, business knowledge to technical knowledge, you will find detailed information about everything in the encyclopedia. If it is used efficiently, online encyclopedias can be used as web research tools. An encyclopedia is designed with thousands of information sources using universities, news publishers, governments, research industries and so on.

Wikipedia
The Canadian Encyclopedia
Digital Universe
Everipedia
New World Encyclopedia

Online learners love to explore these encyclopedias. Especially, university students need them so much because they get detailed research information about any matter. They need data collection for their study, projects, and research. Ph.D. students always visit the worldwide encyclopedias for researching on their required field of study.

3. Books and Thesis Sources

These sources are also considered as great web research tools. Online learners choose books and thesis sources as their field of research. One of the most significant advantages of searching these sources is, you can read millions of books that are available in universities, research centers and libraries around the world. It is amazing to get the chance of reading the best writers’ books from home.

Google Books
The US Library of Congress
National Library of Australia
Open Thesis
Stanford University Libraries

Web research sources are the ultimate collections of data, internet users explore these and get their needed knowledge, news and information. Those knowledge are applied in new innovation, product design, business strategies, chemical research, scientific research, market research, academic innovation and so on.

[Source: This article was published in vaeveryday.com By SALMAN SUNNY - Uploaded by the Association Member: Logan Hochstetler]

Categorized in Online Research

Apple plans to introduce its own search engine, to compete with Google. There are a number of indicators suggesting that the Cupertino-based tech giant company may be planning for its own search engine.

Every year Google spends billions of dollars to maintain as the default search engine for all Apple devices such as the iPhone, MacBooks, and the iPad on its Safari browser. This means the search results would be collected from Google while you check on the web Safari. Although users may adjust the search settings by default.

It seems, though, that this arrangement will come to an end, as Apple plans to develop its own web-based search engine to compete with Google. according to marketing insights by Coywolf,  Extending the searches for Siri and Spotlight searches in iOS 14 beta, increase crawling from AppleBot’s and substantial changes to About AppleBot support reveal that Apple is soon ready to introduce.

Apple Might Be Working On its Own Search Engine to Take on Google

In the UK, Apple was forced by the regulator to remove Google as the default search engine for Safari. Coywolf has claimed government constraints and a controversial relationship with Google provide the technology giant with a chance to introduce it’s own. In addition, because Apple is still the world’s leading company, even the billions of dollars Google pays, but Apple does not want them.oneplus-n-1.jpg

There are many indicators to confirm a switch –from search engineer job ads to its spotlight search bypassing Google search using iOS 14 beta, according to an online report. All of these factors tend to believe that the giant tech will eventually develop its own search engine. Yet not sure but maybe the search engine of Apple will look and function quite differently than current engines because the company prefers to do things differently in the past. The company has a great deal to gain by developing its own search engine.

A number of website developers have seen Apple’s apple Bot activity in its website logs. In general, Applebot is a web crawler, which means that it scans the web to determine how search results would be ranked. This depends on a number of factors such as relevance and user involvement. The latest action of Applebot thus constitutes a major indication of Apple’s intentions to enter the search engine market.

A recent report by MacRumors supports this observation and indicates that Applebot has recently been even more involved than normal. Jon Henshaw, Coywolf’s founder, is one of the developers who has been noticing Applebot a lot in his website logs.

 [Source: This article was published in phoneworld.com.pk By Sehrish Kayani - Uploaded by the Association Member: Deborah Tannen]

Categorized in News & Politics

AOFIRS

World's leading professional association of Internet Research Specialists - We deliver Knowledge, Education, Training, and Certification in the field of Professional Online Research. The AOFIRS is considered a major contributor in improving Web Search Skills and recognizes Online Research work as a full-time occupation for those that use the Internet as their primary source of information.

Get Exclusive Research Tips in Your Inbox

Receive Great tips via email, enter your email to Subscribe.