A month ago it was announced that WhatsApp will soon share the mobile number and call information of their users with Facebook. That way it is easier for advertisers to advertise within the app. However, now you have one more day to prevent this.


For those who uses the messenger app daily, the deadline is today. Until then, you can ensure that a part of your data is not used by Facebook.


  • Go to the heading “Settings”
  • Click on “Account” and
  • You can turn off the ‘Share my info’ option.

whatsapp information sharing with facebook

whatsapp information sharing

whatsapp opt out

WhatsApp users were given exactly 30 days’ time to do this.

However, it is not so that Facebook will now receive no WhatsApp data from you. The two companies will still share information with each other in order to “improve the infrastructure”.

Source : http://thetechnews.com/

Categorized in Internet Privacy

There are no hard and fast rules when it comes to gathering information on the internet. Depending on the type of research, the rules may vary. An effective information gathering technique can result in better utilization of your time, broaden your perspective by going through various resources, can communicate to your audience with clarity, and enhance your critical thinking skills. Most researchers suggest that the best results are achieved when you start with an outline. That would give you some direction in finding what you want in this vast array of information on the internet. Also, it is suggested that you alter your search as you go along trying out different terms and keywords for your research.

There are five key steps you could follow to achieve best results.

  1. First, be clear of your research direction. You should be knowledgeable about the topic you plan on gathering information. If you are not very familiar with it, it is suggested that you take out a few minutes to browse on the topic. If the topic is too broad, narrow down your topic to make it more specific and manageable.
  2. Second, consider your target audience. Consider how knowledgeable they are on the topic, and decide on the sources you would require accordingly. For example, for a panel of doctors, a medical study would need to be in-depth, citing other studies and experts on the topic. On the contrary, if your audience is the general public, a study has to be presented in a simple format avoiding any jargon. If you are doing a research task for someone else, it is always best to consult them on the type or sources they expect you to use. They can help you in understanding the audience better.
  3. Third, make a rough outline of where you would want to look for material and type of resources you intend to use in your research. You can select from several options such as journal articles, blog posts, online magazines, and publications. This outline, however, should be flexible. You can, and should, modify your outline based on your search as you go along. Change keywords and search tactics depending on the material you retrieve.
  4. Be innovative with your search, and follow new directions, and explore new material if you can. While you browse for information, keep an eye out for valuable pieces of information. You often stumble across such information unexpectedly that could be useful to support your case. Nevertheless, make it a point to use varied resources for your research.
  5. Fourth, . All the data that you have collected from various sources is worthless if it is not properly organized. Hence, information organization is a necessary step in information gathering. After you have collated all the information, it is important to index and organize them to use it effectively. Presentation is extremely important in a research task; hence organization of the data makes it easier to properly present your findings.

Hence it is always best to make an outline, evaluate your audience, and consult with your client. The outline gives you direction. However it should be adjustable and you should make amends as you go along and find new material, new concepts, and perspectives.

Categorized in Online Research

From reading emails to managing status updates on mobile devices 24/7 with an all-you-can-eat data plan - we are consuming information like never before.


Forget about describing bytes as mega and giga, think exa and zettabecause by 2016 there may be the data equivalent of every movie ever made hurtling across the internet every three minutes.

While that may seem like way too much for a person to watch, an academic study by the University of California, San Diego, suggests that current data levels are the equivalent of each US citizen consuming 12 hours of information - or media - each day.

An average US citizen on an average day, it says, consumes 100,500 words, whether that be email, messages on social networks, searching websites or anywhere else digitally.

In this photo illustration the Twitter website is displayed on a mobile phone at a NRL match
In some cases, talking about an event is more important than the experience

And as the university says we sleep for seven hours a day, in practice that means that three quarters of waking time is spent receiving information, the majority of which is electronic.

But the definition of "media consumption" is hazy and any difference between seeing something and actively reading it, is, in statistics, difficult to differentiate.

"If you are on the computer and the TV is on, Nielsen [a television measurement firm] still call it watching TV," says co-author of the report Professor Roger Bohn, of UC San Diego.

"In principle, you can have more than 24 hours of consumption in a day."


Tasered with a text


So with there still being the same 24 hours in a day, more information is being circulated in the same amount of time, leading to something that has been titled as "information overload".


And that is a problem that is beginning to get noticed.

"A lot of this is a user interface problem," says author and New York Times journalist Nick Bilton.

"Things are designed to really grab your attention. When you get a text message, your phone vibrates, it dings, you have to respond to it."


And what this means is that real life conversations are being interrupted by digital distractions.

Bilton added: "It's like if I wanted to have a conversation with you and I zapped you with a taser and held a stop sign in front of your face.

"It wouldn't be a nice way to talk to you."

But what is this information that is being received?


Take for example, the tweets passing through Twitter at a rate of around 100,000 a minute. Research commissioned by The Harvard Business Review says that only 36% of tweets from a user's feeds are worth reading.

And the use of the internet as a whole is being linked with addiction that could affect one in 10 people.

Those with the condition, a report found, felt similar effects to those addicted to alcohol, cocaine or cannabis.


Information society


But the internet is seen as something more integral to a modern way of life than those addictions.

A man works on a booth as preparations are under way for the CeBIT IT fair on February 28, 2011 in Hanover
Digital information has become an integral part of many people's lives

So much so that inventor of the world wide web Tim Berners-Lee believes that access to the web has become a human right.

"It's possible to live without the web," he told an MIT symposium.


"It's not possible to live without water. But if you've got water, then the difference between somebody who is connected to the web and is part of the information society, and someone who [is not] is growing bigger and bigger."

The influence of the internet has now grown so much that some people are going to extreme lengths to escape "overload".


Technology journalist Paul Miller has given up the internet for a year.

"Every conversation feels informed by the internet in some way, or like it will end up on the internet some way," he wrote.

If you want to comment on his escapades, you can reach him not on Twitter, or by email, but by phone or writing a letter to his PO Box.

To many people, this will feel almost nostalgically old-fashioned.

The world wide web is still only 23 years old.

Source : news.bbc.co.uk

Categorized in Internet Technology

In the modern world, wide usage and the easy accessibility to computers and the internet has increased people’s dependency on technology. Computers and the internet have become the vital hub for people’s various needs. Therefore, acquiring the necessary skills and knowledge regarding computers and the internet have become significant for their efficient use. At least a minimum amount of knowledge and skill is required to navigate around the system effectively. Although it is difficult to find one single manual to learn basic computer skills or to learn the use of applications, there are many ways to increase one’s knowledge in computers varying from short courses, articles to magazines etc.


Computer Basics


Computer is the primary tool that you will use in accessing the internet. Hence acquiring skills in using a computer is imperative. Just like learning a new language the process of mastering the language of computers requires practice and feedback. However, with the increased use of Graphical User Interface (GUI) and the decreased reliance on typed command labels and text navigation has enabled the beginners to learn the language of computers faster. Nevertheless, there are still some core skills you need to develop in increasing your computer aptitude.


  • Be systematic – Document all the complicated steps
  • Be creative – Look for alternative ways to accomplish a task
  • Practice – Apply what you learned in the real world
  • Be patient – Be positive. Learning from your mistakes is a crucial element in the process of computer education
  • Do not be afraid to ask – There are people who are always willing to help. When you ask, you may find someone who has encountered the same problem.
  • Internet Explorer
  • Google Chrome
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Apple’s Safari
  • Opera
  • cnn.com
  • pcwebopedia.com
  • infoplease.com
  • coca-cola.com
  • .com - commercial businesses
  • .edu - educational institutions (universities, colleges, K-12, etc.)
  • .gov - nonmilitary government agencies and departments
  • .net - Network resources
  • .org - Other organizations


Useful Terms for Beginners


Operating System (OS): This is the program that is initially loaded into the computer by a boot program and then manages all the other programs in the computer. [Source: http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/operating-system-OS]


Graphical User Interface (GUI): This is a program interface that takes advantage of the computer's graphics capabilities to make the program easier to use. Properly designed graphical user interfaces can free the user from learning complex command languages. [Source: http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/G/Graphical_User_Interface_GUI.html]


Universal Operating System (UNIX): This is one of the first multitasking, multi-user computer operating system developed by Bell Labs in early 1970’s.  UNIX is a small, flexible system designed to be used exclusively by programmers. [Source: http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/U/UNIX.html]

This is also one of the most popular operating systems for internet servers. UNIX has a Graphical User Interface (GUI) that provide an easy to use environment. There are different versions of UNIX, the most popular being Sun Solaris, GNU/Linux, and MacOS X.


Application: This refers to a program or a group of programs designed for the end user. Application software is divided into two categories; system software and application software. Application software includes database programs, word processors, web browsers and spreadsheet, etc. [http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/A/application.html]


Internet Basics


Although the internet is independent of the operating system hardware and software platform you use, to use the internet effectively, it is necessary to know your way around your hardware and software systems. A crucial element that you should gain an understanding is about your computer's operating system (OS). Users may have very different experiences with the internet depending on the operating systems they are using, and the applications they are running. The same task can require very different commands on different operating systems, and other software. For example sending an email through Apple Mail on OSX may require a vastly different set of actions than sending an email through MS Outlook on Windows 8. 


Internet Surfing vs. Internet Searching


Internet surfing refers to the casual browsing of material on the World Wide Web. This may involve just casually reading a newspaper, going through the weather report to jumping from one site to another looking for an interesting piece of information. However, one could also stumble upon valuable information in the process of internet surfing.

On the contrary, Internet searching refers to more serious research done with a definite purpose in mind. In other words, using the internet specifically as a research tool. This may involve finding information to support a debate, write a report, develop a proposal, plan a presentation or just to keep up with the current issues in your field.


Useful Terms for Beginners


Web Browser: This is a software that allows you to access the internet. In other words, it is the gateway to access the knowledge on the internet. A user can type in a site address in a browser’s search box and visit websites, do other activities such as login in, view multimedia, send and receive email, etc.  Your computer’s operating system will determine the type of browser you will use.

Some of the most popular browsers in the market includes;


Uniform Resource Locator (URL): This refers to the address that you use to locate your resource material on the internet. A URL will guide the user to a particular website or a page on the internet. It is also used to access any document or launch an application on the internet. URL is similar to citation used in referencing an article. A citation provides the author’s name, title of the publication, page number and other relevant information to allow any interested parties to follow the author’s work. In the same way, a URL is used to refer to a document or resource on the internet.

Example of a URL



Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP): In the above URL, HTTP stands for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol, the standard that controls the transfer of documents on the World Wide Web (WWW) followed by colon (:) and a double forward slash (//). ‘Nypl’ is the domain name while ‘org’ is the Top Level Domain. sitemap/ indicates a folder containing the document, and index.html refers to the name of the document file requested.


Internet Protocol (IP):  This refers to a unique address that computing devices use to identify itself and communicate with other devices in the Internet Protocol network. [Source: http://www.iplocation.net/tools/ip-address.php] In other words, it is a unique number provided to your computer connection by your internet service provider. It is a combination of four numbers (not greater than 256) separated by dots. An IP is assigned to each user on the internet since they are a part of a vast network.


Domain Name: This refers a unique name that identifies a website. It is a series of words used as identification labels to make it easier for us to remember. They are used to identify one or more IP addresses and to access web pages. Domain names provide names to Internet resources that are easily remembered by the users so they can be remembered and accessed when needed. Frequently used in URLs, they can be used to identify a particular web page and allow your web browser to guide you to the page. When you put in the web address of a website, i.e. the domain name, the computer automatically converts it into the numerical IP address.

Examples of Domain Names

All domain names have a suffix that identifies its top-level domain (TLD). There are only a limited number of such domains.

Examples of Top Level Domain Names

Email Address:  This refers to the name that identifies an electronic post box on a network where an email is sent. In other words, this is an individual’s unique identifier on the internet. It comprises of the local part and the domain name. Email addresses come in handy when communicating over the internet, since it indicates which mailbox an email should be delivered to.

For example, in This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., johndoe is the local part while the part after @, yahoo.com, is the domain name.

Email addresses aren’t always for individuals only. Sometimes a company, or a department might have a single email address; such as This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Having such generic email addresses makes it easier for customers, and other interested parties to remember them. 


Written By: Elizabeth T. Weinstein

Categorized in Internet Technology


World's leading professional association of Internet Research Specialists - We deliver Knowledge, Education, Training, and Certification in the field of Professional Online Research. The AOFIRS is considered a major contributor in improving Web Search Skills and recognizes Online Research work as a full-time occupation for those that use the Internet as their primary source of information.

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