Recently, Russia made big news when it announced that a new proposal has been drafted by the Ministry of Finance seeking to penalize users of bitcoin with up to seven years of jail time.Close on the heels of Russia’s efforts to make the use of bitcoin within the country illegal, the French Interior Minister seems to be targeting the deep web.

Free speech and freedom of choice have started becoming rare commodities these days and interference of the governments around the world is becoming more and more evident.The US government passed laws which served to conveniently erase the right of privacy to citizen from the constitutional rights and the Russian government is making an all-out effort to ban the usage of bitcoin within the country, while the Venezuelan government is making an effort to present bitcoin in a bad light through state-sponsored media.

Ultimately, the motives of the governments around the world are quite the same.In a meeting of the National Assembly recently, the Minister for Internal Affairs in France, Bernard Cazeneuve, said that terrorists are making extensive use of the deep web for their activities.In fact, he was quoted as saying that those who have been responsible for the terrorist strikes in Europe have been making use of the deep web and communicating through encrypted messages.

His comments were also linked to bitcoin, the digital currency that darknet marketplaces widely use in return for the goods they often sell to customers as it makes it virtually impossible to obtain complete personal information during the course of the transaction.

world wide webDeep web is that part of the World Wide Web which is not indexed by search engines.It makes up for a major part of the internet, except for the sites that get indexed by the different search engines.It has been in existence for a very long time, much before search engines became popular.

However, the terms darknet and deep web became widely known only in the recent times. In fact, it was even labeled as the place for carrying out illegal activities on the internet.

The darknet marketplace that was squarely responsible for creating a negative connotation as regards to the deep web was Silk Road.This dark net marketplace gained a great deal of notoriety by selling contraband as well as illegal drugs in exchange for bitcoin.

The Silk Road has been closed down since then and the creator of the darknet marketplace, Ross Ulbricht, has been sentenced to life in prison following an investigation into its activities by the federal government.Some people do not have a clear understanding of either the deep web or the darknet.Of course, there have been isolated incidents wherein the deep web has been made use of for illegal activities, but it is a very insignificant percentage if the number of Internet users across the world is taken into consideration.

It is a combination of factors such as negative publicity and ignorance that has successfully led to the creation of not-so-good image for the deep web.It is the governments that are too anxious about losing the control they are currently exercising over the monetary system and information sharing are blowing up these few incidents and using them as an excuse to track and crack down deep web and bitcoin users.

For example, making the use of bitcoin in Russia illegal is one thing, but enforcing a jail term for using the digital currency is taking things a little too far.

Currently, the new proposal is only in the draft form.If Russia’s Ministry of Finance has its way, then consumers could end`1 up in prison for about four years.On the other hand, business owners who use bitcoin could spend nearly double the time in prison.

These actions on the part of governments lead people to thinking as to whether they are focusing on the deep web after their tryst with bitcoin.

Source : https://darkwebnews.com

Categorized in Deep Web

The Disruptive Competition Project is detailing yet another bad copyright law change in Europe -- France, in particular, this time. Called the Freedom of Creation Act, it actually passed a few months ago, but people are just beginning to understand and comprehend the full horror of what's happening. Basically, it will now require any site that indexes images on the internet (i.e., any image search engine) to pay royalties for each image to a collection society.

How would this work? When an image is published online, the reproduction right and the right of communication to the public of this image shall be transferred to one or more collecting societies appointed by the French government. Online communication services “reproducing and communicating to the public images for search and indexing purposes” shall have to obtain a license from those collecting societies to index images legally. The license fee will either be based on the revenue accruing from the exploitation of the service or be a lump sum fee.

Of course, this makes no sense. In the US, thankfully, multiple cases on things like Google Images have found that indexing the images and showing thumbnails is clearly fair use. But that's not how it's going to work in France.

This seems particularly pointless on any number of levels. First, image search engines aren't "publishing" any works, they're just indexing what's already online and showing people where those images are. Second, if people creating works don't want them indexed they can just use robots.txt. And, yes, someone else might post those images elsewhere, but that's no reason to blame and charge a search engine. But the bigger issue, honestly, is that it's hard to see how this sort of system actually helps content creators at all. Does anyone honestly believe that the money this collection society collects will go to the people who created the indexed images? Remember, copyright collection societies have a very long and very detailed history of abuse and corruption. They collect lots of money, but they're not so great about paying it back out. And, as the Disruptive Competition Project points out, this is particularly problematic in this case, where both jurisdictional questions and just basic logistics make it almost impossible for the collection society to accurately distribute funds:

Moreover, the territorial scope of this measure is unclear. Are the rights of reproduction and communication to the public transferred to a collecting society when an image is published on a French website or on any website? Is the measure based on the nationality of the works? In practice, this measure may claim ownership of the billions of pictures uploaded everyday globally – even though the huge majority of those pictures are published today for personal use by the close-to-3-billion smartphones’ owners, not expecting any revenue. It is also worth noting that a sizable number of those pictures is published under a Creative Commons license that usually refuse remuneration in return, for example, for attribution. Therefore, this measure would override the choice made by users publishing under such a license – and more generally, would deprive rightsholders of the choice between licensing their pictures or not. 

Even worse, there is no realistic way for collecting societies to redistribute the revenues from the license fees accurately and fairly to billions of rightsholders all over the world. The relevant collecting societies won’t attempt to contact all French rightsholders (when close to 70% of French citizens above 15 years old have a smartphone!), let alone all global rightsholders. In practice, the money will be split between the relevant collecting societies and the few rightsholders affiliated to those societies, who – as we say in France – won the “Jackpot”.

It will be worth following to see how this plays out. If France does follow through and a collection society actually goes after Google, it does make me wonder if Google might pull out the nuclear option yet again and shut down Google Images in France as it did with Google News in Spain, when the Spanish government passed a similar tax on news aggregation.

Once again, like so many of these laws, this seems to not be so much about copyright as it is about taxing Google.

Source : https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20160826/10092035354/france-passes-copyright-law-demanding-royalties-every-image-search-engines-index-online.shtml

Categorized in Internet Privacy


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